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[next-auth]: `useSession` must be wrapped in a <SessionProvider /> error on the existing js file

  • Thread starter Thread starter orbnexus
  • Start date Start date
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orbnexus

Guest
I am adding the following code to my existing js file to validate the authentication and I am trying to follow the next-auth documentations but I am getting this error "[next-auth]: useSession must be wrapped in a SessionProvider"

I am using github credentials for the validations

my code: Working when browsing to the localhost:3000/auth/api/signin

[...nextauth.js]

Code:
import NextAuth from 'next-auth'
import GitHubProvider from 'next-auth/providers/github'
export default NextAuth({
    providers:[
        GitHubProvider({
            clientId: process.env.GITHUB_ID,
            clientSecret: process.env.GITHUB_SECRET,
        }),
    ],
})

I want to put the authentication to my code written in the abc/index.js

This is my code with the next-auth and this throwing this error "[next-auth]: useSession must be wrapped in a SessionProvider"

localhost:3000/abc/index.js

Code:
import React, { Component, useMemo, useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import { useSession, SessionProvider } from 'next-auth/react';
function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) { // i have added it here since I am not using _app.js file
  return (
    <SessionProvider session={pageProps.session}>
      <Component {...pageProps} />
    </SessionProvider>
  );
}
const abc = ({ json }) => {
  const { data: session } = useSession();
  if (session) {
    return (
      <>
        Signed in as {session.user.email} <br />
        <button onClick={() => signOut()}>Sign out</button>
      </>
    );
  }
  return (
    <>
      Not signed in <br />
      <button onClick={() => signIn()}>Sign in</button>
    </>
  );
};

<p>I am adding the following code to my existing js file to validate the authentication and I am trying to follow the next-auth documentations but I am getting this error "[next-auth]: <code>useSession</code> must be wrapped in a SessionProvider"</p>
<p>I am using github credentials for the validations</p>
<p><strong>my code:</strong> Working when browsing to the localhost:3000/auth/api/signin</p>
<p>[...nextauth.js]</p>
<pre><code>import NextAuth from 'next-auth'
import GitHubProvider from 'next-auth/providers/github'
export default NextAuth({
providers:[
GitHubProvider({
clientId: process.env.GITHUB_ID,
clientSecret: process.env.GITHUB_SECRET,
}),
],
})
</code></pre>
<p>I want to put the authentication to my code written in the abc/index.js</p>
<p><strong>This is my code with the next-auth</strong> and this throwing this error "[next-auth]: <code>useSession</code> must be wrapped in a SessionProvider"</p>
<p>localhost:3000/abc/index.js</p>
<pre><code>import React, { Component, useMemo, useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import { useSession, SessionProvider } from 'next-auth/react';
function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) { // i have added it here since I am not using _app.js file
return (
<SessionProvider session={pageProps.session}>
<Component {...pageProps} />
</SessionProvider>
);
}
const abc = ({ json }) => {
const { data: session } = useSession();
if (session) {
return (
<>
Signed in as {session.user.email} <br />
<button onClick={() => signOut()}>Sign out</button>
</>
);
}
return (
<>
Not signed in <br />
<button onClick={() => signIn()}>Sign in</button>
</>
);
};
</code></pre>
 
It seems like you are encountering an error because you haven't properly wrapped your useSession hook in a SessionProvider higher in your component tree. Here's how you can structure your abc/index.js file to ensure useSession is correctly used within the context of SessionProvider:

Code:
import React from 'react';
import { useSession, SessionProvider } from 'next-auth/react';
import NextAuth from 'next-auth';
import GitHubProvider from 'next-auth/providers/github';

// Initialize NextAuth with GitHub provider
const nextAuthOptions = {
  providers: [
    GitHubProvider({
      clientId: process.env.GITHUB_ID,
      clientSecret: process.env.GITHUB_SECRET,
    }),
  ],
};

const abc = ({ json }) => {
  // Fetch session using useSession hook
  const { data: session, status } = useSession();

  // Render based on session status
  if (status === 'loading') {
    return <p>Loading...</p>;
  }

  if (session) {
    return (
      <>
        Signed in as {session.user.email} <br />
        <button onClick={() => signOut()}>Sign out</button>
      </>
    );
  }

  return (
    <>
      Not signed in <br />
      <button onClick={() => signIn()}>Sign in</button>
    </>
  );
};

// Export a wrapper component to provide SessionProvider
const MyApp = ({ Component, pageProps }) => (
  <SessionProvider session={pageProps.session}>
    <Component {...pageProps} />
  </SessionProvider>
);

// Export default NextAuth configuration and abc component
export default NextAuth(nextAuthOptions);
export { MyApp, abc };

Explanation:​

  1. NextAuth Configuration (nextauth.js):
    • This file (nextauth.js) configures NextAuth with your GitHub provider using NextAuth function exported from NextAuth library.
  2. abc Component (abc/index.js):
    • This component uses useSession hook from next-auth/react to access session data and status.
    • Depending on the session status (loading, authenticated, or unauthenticated), it displays appropriate content.
  3. MyApp Component:
    • This component wraps your main application (Component) with SessionProvider to ensure useSession works correctly throughout your application.

Usage:​

  • Ensure that your abc/index.js file is correctly structured and imported into your application where needed (_app.js or directly in pages).
  • Make sure you have set up environment variables (GITHUB_ID and GITHUB_SECRET) correctly for GitHub OAuth provider.
By following this structure, useSession should be properly wrapped in SessionProvider, resolving the error you were encountering. Adjust any paths or configurations based on your specific project setup as needed.
 
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