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Leetcode Problem 1038. Binary Search Tree to Greater Sum Tree --> Python

  • Thread starter Thread starter young_coder
  • Start date Start date
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young_coder

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I am doing the above leetcode problem in Python. Typically what I do is I solve the problem in a jupyter notebook and then copy and paste it into the leetcode solution box once I am done with it. I am having issues with this problem, however.

The problem definition is defined below:​


Given the root of a Binary Search Tree (BST), convert it to a Greater Tree such that every key of the original BST is changed to the original key plus sum of all keys greater than the original key in BST.

As a reminder, a binary search tree is a tree that satisfies these constraints:

The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key. The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node's key. Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.

A sample input and output for the problem is shown below​


Code:
Input: root = [4,1,6,0,2,5,7,null,null,null,3,null,null,null,8]
Output: [30,36,21,36,35,26,15,null,null,null,33,null,null,null,8]

Furthermore the problem solution is set up as follows​


Code:
# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
    def bstToGst(self, root: TreeNode) -> TreeNode:

I am confused as to how to approach this problem. Initially I thought I would do some sort of looping through the list provided. Upon reading some sample responses from the discussion, however, I see that commands such as root.right and root.left are used. How do I go about doing this in a jupyter notebook? I have no expereince with TreeNodes so I want to this the problem the right way and learn the fundamental concept instead of brute forcing through it another way. All help is greatly appreciated.

Thanks
<p>I am doing the above leetcode problem in Python. Typically what I do is I solve the problem in a jupyter notebook and then copy and paste it into the leetcode solution box once I am done with it. I am having issues with this problem, however.</p>
<h3>The problem definition is defined below:</h3>
<p>Given the root of a Binary Search Tree (BST), convert it to a Greater Tree such that every key of the original BST is changed to the original key plus sum of all keys greater than the original key in BST.</p>
<p>As a reminder, a binary search tree is a tree that satisfies these constraints:</p>
<p>The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node's key.
Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.</p>
<h3>A sample input and output for the problem is shown below</h3>
<pre><code>Input: root = [4,1,6,0,2,5,7,null,null,null,3,null,null,null,8]
Output: [30,36,21,36,35,26,15,null,null,null,33,null,null,null,8]
</code></pre>
<h3>Furthermore the problem solution is set up as follows</h3>
<pre><code># Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
# def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
# self.val = val
# self.left = left
# self.right = right
class Solution:
def bstToGst(self, root: TreeNode) -> TreeNode:
</code></pre>
<p>I am confused as to how to approach this problem. Initially I thought I would do some sort of looping through the list provided. Upon reading some sample responses from the discussion, however, I see that commands such as root.right and root.left are used. How do I go about doing this in a jupyter notebook? I have no expereince with TreeNodes so I want to this the problem the right way and learn the fundamental concept instead of brute forcing through it another way. All help is greatly appreciated.</p>
<p>Thanks</p>
 
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